The Canol Project
In 1942, U.S. government wanted a secure oil supply for Alaska. The Canadian government approved the Canol (Canadian Oil) project whereby the U.S. would build a pipeline from the Imperial Oil Field at Norman Wells, N.W.T., to a refinery in Whitehorse and then send the refined oil to Fairbanks.
The pipeline was built from 1942 to 1944 by military personnel and civilian contractors. Canol was closed in March, 1945.
Oil tanks Norman Wells
Canol Whitehorse Refinery under construction, 1943
Canol Post Office
The "CANOL" post office was opened in November, 1942, about four miles from Norman Wells, in the construction camp that was building the pipeline. The office provided postal services for the employees of the civilian contractor, Bechtel-Price-Callahan. The post office closed on March 1, 1945.
Canol, N.W.T. to Jackson, Miss., October 9, 1943
7 cents air mail letter rate to the U.S.
Return address : Camp Canol, N.W.T., Can.
Canol Post Office circular date stamp
October 9, 1943
Linto Canol Cover
Not all Americans supported the financing of the Canol project. Prolific cachet-maker William Linto of Portland created the wartime cover shown below.
- 1. Canadian Domestic Letter Rates From 1868 to the Present Day
- 2. Canada Domestic Local Letter Rates : 1851 - 1968
- 3. United States Letter Rates: 1851 to the present day
- 4. United States Air Mail Letter Rates : 1927 - 1976
- 5. Canadian Domestic Air Mail Rates : 1928 - 1954
- 6. United Kingdom and Empire/Commonwealth Letter Rates : 1859 -1971
- 7. Air Mail Letter Rates to the United Kingdom
- 8. International (Universal Postal Union) Letter Rates : 1892 to the present
- 9. Reduced International Letter Rates : Mexico, Cuba, West Indies and Central America, France, South America, and Spain
- 10. Links to Other Posts Dealing with Canadian Postal Rates
- 11. Revamped Centennials