On May 10, 1940 Germany invaded the Netherlands. Two days later the entire Dutch royal family fled to England aboard HMS Codrington, sent by George VI. While Queen Wilhelmina established her government-in-exile in London, Princess Juliana (heiress to the throne) took her daughters to Canada.
Princess Juliana c.1940
Princess and her daughters Beatrix and
Irene sailed to Canada aboard the Dutch ship "Sumatra" arriving in
Halifax on June 11, 1940.
Arrival in Halifax, June 11, 1940 Princess Juliana
and her daughters disembarking from the Dutch
The Princess and her family resided at Stornoway in Rockcliffe, a suburb of Ottawa during their five year sojourn in Canada.
the war, Juliana's husband Prince Bernhard was stationed in London as
part of the Allied war planning councils and an active RAF wing
commander flying both fighter and bomber planes into combat.
Princess Juliana , Prince Berhard and their
eldest daughters in Ottawa
third daughter, Margriet, was born January 19th, 1943 at the Ottawa
Civic Hospital (the land under the hospital was temporarily placed
under Dutch control so that the princess could remain Dutch and would
therefore not obtain a double nationality).
Christening of Princess Margriet, at Saint Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Ottawa, June 29, 1943
Seated (from right to left) in the front row are Prince Bernhard; Princess Juliana with infant daughter Princess Margriet; Princess Beatrix; Princess Irene; Queen Wilhelmina; the Governor General, the Earl of Athlone; Princess Alice. Mackenzie King is seated in the second row behind Queen Wilhelmina.
Princess Juliana with Queen Wilhelmina, Prince Bernhard
and the three princesses at Stornoway, 1943.
Office of the Aide-de-Camp to H.R.H. Princess Juliana correspondence
Ottawa to Millhaven, Georgia, December 27, 1943
Juliana's "Thank You" Gift to Canada
returned to the Netherlands in May, 1945. To thank the Canadians for
their hospitality, Princess Juliana sent 100,000 tulip bulbs to
Ottawa in1945. Since then, the Dutch send 20,000 tulip bulbs to Ottawa
each year, which has led to the creation of the Canadian Tulip Festival in Ottawa.
became Queen of the Netherlands with Wilhelmina's abdication in 1948
and was succeeded by Queen Beatrix after her own abdication in 1980.)
- 1. Canadian Domestic Letter Rates From 1868 to the Present Day
- 2. Canada Domestic Local Letter Rates : 1851 - 1968
- 3. United States Letter Rates: 1851 to the present day
- 4. United States Air Mail Letter Rates : 1927 - 1976
- 5. Canadian Domestic Air Mail Rates : 1928 - 1954
- 6. United Kingdom and Empire/Commonwealth Letter Rates : 1859 -1971
- 7. Air Mail Letter Rates to the United Kingdom
- 8. International (Universal Postal Union) Letter Rates : 1892 to the present
- 9. Reduced International Letter Rates : Mexico, Cuba, West Indies and Central America, France, South America, and Spain
- 10. Links to Other Posts Dealing with Canadian Postal Rates
- 11. Revamped Centennials